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One of the most cultivated grape variety in the world. Often blended with Merlot and Cabernet Franc, it is grown in nearly every wine producing country, thanks to its hardy constitution. It can be identified by its thick skin and some low yields. In a blend, Cabernet-Sauvignon brings tannins, structure and acidity, which are the keys to a perfectaging process. Californian Nappa Valley has espacially well worked this varietal, which is the main factor of its extrordinary recognition and success. Known for its vegetal flavors such as mint and eucalyptus, Cabernet Sauvignon can turn a wine with herbaceous dominances if harvested too green.
It is the most representative grape of Bordeaux, covering 60% of the vineyard. It is found mainly in the Libournais, on the "right bank" of the Garonne, especially in Saint Emilion and Pomerol. This grape is easily exportable thanks to its adaptability to different soils. It matures very quickly on gravelly soils, but it is clay soils of Pomerol and Saint-Emilion that fit it best. There, the fruit is expressed all in delicacy, offering floral notes of violet, peony, and of black and red fruits. Among all Bordeaux varieties, Merlot is the one which offers roundness and smoothness to the wine. Over time, these flavors evolve towards undergrowth aromas, marked by mushrooms, truffles, tobacco and even old leather.